The Physician H1B Visa is a temporary work visa that allows a Physician H1B Visa holder to work at a sponsoring US employer. The H1B Visa is often considered preferable to the J-1 Visa because it carries no 2 year Home Residence Requirement. (The J-1 Home Residence Requirement always attaches to J-1 Visa Physicians who provide direct patient care, and it can be very difficult to waive.)
The Physician H1B Visa is available to eligible physicians entering the US to perform teaching or research or to provide direct patient care. The H1B Visa is valid for an initial period of 3 years. It is renewable up to 6 years (sometimes longer in certain circumstances).
Physicians entering the US to provide direct patient care that is not merely incidental to teaching or research must meet the following requirements to qualify for the Physician H1B Visa:
Physicians of national or international renown in the field of medicine are exempt from the above requirements.
Physicians entering the US to perform teaching and/or research with direct patient care that is only incidental to such teaching and/or research may also be eligible for an H1B Visa. As mentioned above, the H1B Visa is preferable to entering on the J-1 Visa because the Physician H1B Visa has no J-1 Home Residence Requirement, which often attaches to J-1 Visa holders. The J-1 home residence requirement always attaches to J-1 Visa Physicians who provide direct patient care.